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Demystifying ABSD: Understanding Singapore’s Additional Buyer’s Stamp Duty

If you’re delving into the world of real estate in Singapore, you may have come across the term “ABSD” floating around. But what exactly is ABSD, and why is it necessary in Singapore’s property market? Let’s break it down in simple terms to help you navigate this aspect of property ownership in the Lion City.

What is ABSD?

ABSD stands for Additional Buyer’s Stamp Duty. It’s a tax imposed by the Singapore government on certain property purchases, in addition to the standard Buyer’s Stamp Duty (BSD). The purpose of ABSD is to regulate demand in the property market, discourage speculation, and ensure that property ownership remains accessible to Singaporeans.

Why is ABSD Necessary in Singapore?

  1. Regulating Demand: Singapore’s property market is known for its stability and attractiveness to investors both locally and internationally. However, rapid fluctuations in property prices can lead to speculation and volatility. ABSD helps to regulate demand by imposing additional costs on certain types of property transactions, thereby preventing excessive speculation and potential market bubbles.
  2. Promoting Homeownership: Singapore places a strong emphasis on homeownership as a means of fostering stability and social cohesion. By implementing ABSD, the government aims to ensure that property ownership remains within reach for Singaporeans, particularly first-time homebuyers, by curbing demand from non-residents and investors.
  3. Ensuring Financial Prudence: Property ownership is a significant financial commitment, and the government seeks to ensure that buyers approach it with prudence and foresight. By imposing ABSD, especially on additional properties beyond one’s primary residence, the government encourages buyers to carefully consider their financial circumstances and investment objectives before making a purchase.

How Does ABSD Work?

ABSD rates vary depending on various factors, including the buyer’s residency status, the number of properties owned, and the type of property being purchased. For example:

  • Singapore citizens purchasing their first residential property are exempt from ABSD.
  • Singapore Permanent Residents (PRs) are subject to ABSD when purchasing a residential property.
  • Foreigners and entities are subject to higher ABSD rates.
  • PRs and Foreigners are exempt from ABSD if they purchase their matrimonial home with a Singaporean spouse.


In conclusion, ABSD plays a crucial role in shaping Singapore’s real estate landscape by regulating demand, promoting homeownership, and ensuring financial prudence. While it may add an additional layer of cost for property buyers, it serves as a mechanism to maintain a stable and sustainable property market in Singapore.

As you navigate your real estate journey in Singapore, understanding ABSD and its implications will help you make informed decisions and navigate the intricacies of property ownership in the Lion City.


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